KIIT Law School Organizes Webinar on ‘Criminal Prosecutions’

The Centre for Studies in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Administration, under the aegis of Department of Criminal Law and Administration of KIIT Law School, conducted a webinar on “Dynamics of Criminal Prosecutions and Role of the Prosecution in the Indian Criminal Justice System” on 4th September and 2nd October 2021. The webinar was graced by Mrs. Amita V. Bartaria, District Prosecution Officer (DPO) in CID, Police HeadQuarters Bhopal.

Delivering the welcome address, Prof. (Dr.) Bhavani Prasad Panda, Director, KLS provided a brief understanding of the topic, the relevance of public prosecutor and dynamics of crime.

In her talk, Mrs. Bartaria highlighted the main pillars of criminal justice system, police, prosecution, prison, judiciary and  also addressed some of the main objectives of the criminal justice system along with  the various loopholes such as lack of transparency, pendency of cases, cumbersome procedure, corruption, lack of awareness amongst individuals, to name a few.

She elaborated on the initiatives taken by the Madhya Pradesh prosecution services, which include ‘prosecution performance evaluation system’, ‘prosecution work through a Mobile App’, ‘rewarding best performers’, ‘annual awards’, ‘recognition to award holders’, ‘capital club’, ‘category of prosecutors’, ‘point system’, ‘publication of books’, ‘publication of own e-journal’, etc.

The webinar talk was followed by a question-answer session. The webinar was held under the guidance of Dr. Paromita Chattoraj, Associate Dean (Academics) & HOD. Ms. Swati Mohapatra, Assistant Professor also spoke on the occasion. The vote of thanks was delivered by Ms. Maneesha Mishra, Faculty Associate, KLS.

How to write an Impactful Research Proposal

List of Speakers

  1. (Dr.) Srikrishna Deva Rao
  2. (Dr.) Amar Pal Singh
  3. (Dr.) Vinay Kumar Srivastava
  4. (Dr.) Khushal Vibhute
  5. (Dr.) Arvind Tiwari
  6. (Dr.) Shashikala Gurpur
  7. (Dr.) Alok Kumar Chakrawal
  8. Ishwar Chandra Nayak
  9. (Dr.) Rabi Narayan Subudhi
  10. Amarendra Pani


  • Finding of Research Problem, review of literature, etc.
  • Identifying universe and apply sampling.
  • Developing research tools, collection and analysis of data, and writing of report.
  • Plagiarism and how to avoid it.

Workshop Day 1

Characteristics of Qualitative Research Proposal

Speaker- Prof. (Dr.) Vinay Kumar Srivastav

He said that:

  1. Research topic should be specific.
  2. Quantitative and Qualitative research- how to handle numbers and how to handle words.
  3. Research design is tentative, it can be modified.
  4. Observation means ‘conscious sensing’, making use of all the senses.
  5. Never engage in academic fraud, no plagiarism, and no subject of research should be harmed.
  6. Spread your writing- write everytime. At a time engage in one project only. Write 200-300 words everyday.
  7. Competence over language( suitable expressions). After completion of research keep it aside, don’t give it for publication instantly.
  8. Always keep the reader in mind.
  9. Hypothesis may be really enchanting. Proposition will hold true till the time researcher finds negative evidences.

Development tools for data analysis

Speaker- Prof. (Dr.) Arvind Tiwari

He said that:

  • Data collection tools:
    • Quantative data- interview schedule, questionnaire
    • Qualitative data- Case study.
  • Use tools according to research question.
  • Critical analysis of literature review
  • A study on non- registration of crimes: problems and solutions.
  • Rights of victims- fair trial, granting bail.
  • Objectives, method of study and sampling.
  • Challenges or limitations of the study.
  • Key findings of the study.

Plagiarism in research

Speaker- Prof. (Dr.) Amar Pal Singh

He said that:

  1. Differentiation of plagiarism with concepts like theft, fraud, copyright  etc. by giving illustrations.
  2. Concept of self plagiarism and ways of avoiding plagiarism.
  3. Plagiarism as an umbrella structure will not serve the purpose, we need to create separate terminologies, concepts to solve the problem.
  4. Permissible and impermissible plagiarism
  5. UGC regulations and policy instructions.
  6. If researcher is aware and conscious then he will always avoid plagarism.

Workshop Day 2


Speaker- Prof. (Dr.) Khushal Vibhute

  1. Research means finding something in systematic way, scientific inquiry into a fact or repeated frequent search.
  2. Objectivity, logic, universality and reason of topic.
  3. Systematic investigation of a legal fact’ that increases the sum of knowledge of law’.
  4. A system of law may be perceived in three principal ways- normative system, behavioral system, an instrument of social control and change.
  5. Law is not an insular discipline.
  6. Scope of legal research depends on the contextual and conceptual variant of law.
  7. Are there any ‘gap’ and ambiguities in the statutory law and what have been their effects in achieving the legislative intent? Importance of legal research lies in identifying those gaps and ambiguities.


Speaker- Prof.(Dr.) Rabi Narayan Subudhi.

  1. Starting a research: why, what and how.
  2. Making research interesting, memorable and publishable.
  3. Research as self-motivated, self-satisfying research for knowledge creation.
  4. Criticality of data- Building blocks of research.
  5. Quantitative versus Qualitative data, Experimental vs. Observational data.
  6. Collected vs. Reported data, Random vs. Purposive data.
  7. Data specific to one’s research objectives.
  8. Is it possible to measure research? Measuring research strength of an institute.


Speaker- Dr. Ishwar Chandra Naik

  1. Steps for preparing research proposal.
  2. Why it is important to frame the research objectives?
  3. The objectives in a study provide a clear direction.
  4. Objectives help to avoid any diversion from the topic.
  5. Objectives ease the understanding of the research by the target audience.
  6. Definition of Hypothesis.
  7. Assumption based on curiosity or a hunch is a hypothesis.

Workshop Day 3


Speaker- Prof. Shashikala Gurpur

  1. Spotting a good research problem.
  2. What is literature review?- survey, documentation, existing published and unpublished work.
  3. Larger picture of legal research is justice system.
  4. Good review characteristics- sufficiency, adequate focus and strategy and valid findings.
  5. Need for literature review- to cover ‘uncovered’ areas, to gain sufficient practical and theoritical knowledge.
  6. Spotting a research problem.
  7. Research problem: Centre piece and attributes.
  8. Components, check list for a critical review, discussion, review, reference of research.
  9. Law reform research template.


Speaker- Prof. Alok Kumar Chakrawal

  1. Research design: sampling design, observational design, statistical design, operational design.
  2. Universe, Population, Sample
  3. Probability and non- probability sampling.
  4. Complex random sampling design.
  5. Stratified sampling – how should items be selected from each stratum?
  6. Sequential sampling.


Speaker- Prof (Dr.) Amalendra Panigrahi

  1. Why we are engaged into the task of researching?
  2. Research is a mechanism to help others, gives knowledge, to know more and more unless and until we know everything.
  3. Types of research